108. Convert Sorted Array to Binary Search Tree

catepk·2021년 8월 22일
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108. Convert Sorted Array to Binary Search Tree

문제

Given an integer array nums where the elements are sorted in ascending order, convert it to a height-balanced binary search tree.

A height-balanced binary tree is a binary tree in which the depth of the two subtrees of every node never differs by more than one.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [-10,-3,0,5,9]
Output: [0,-3,9,-10,null,5]
Explanation: [0,-10,5,null,-3,null,9] is also accepted:

Example 2:

Input: nums = [1,3]
Output: [3,1]
Explanation: [1,3] and [3,1] are both a height-balanced BSTs.

Constraints:

1 <= nums.length <= 10^4
-10^4 <= nums[i] <= 10^4
nums is sorted in a strictly increasing order.

풀이

# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
#     def __init__(self, val=0, left=None, right=None):
#         self.val = val
#         self.left = left
#         self.right = right
class Solution:
    def sortedArrayToBST(self, nums: List[int]) -> Optional[TreeNode]:
        if not nums:
            return None
        mid = len(nums) // 2
        node = TreeNode(nums[mid])
        node.left = self.sortedArrayToBST(nums[:mid])
        node.right = self.sortedArrayToBST(nums[mid + 1:])
        
        return node
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