PostgreSQL 인덱스 관리하기

shj5508·2021년 8월 25일
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Database

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전체 인덱스 사용량 조회

SELECT
    pt.tablename AS TableName
    ,t.indexname AS IndexName
    ,to_char(pc.reltuples, '999,999,999,999') AS TotalRows
    ,pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size(quote_ident(pt.tablename)::text)) AS TableSize
    ,pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size(quote_ident(t.indexrelname)::text)) AS IndexSize
    ,to_char(t.idx_scan, '999,999,999,999') AS TotalNumberOfScan
    ,to_char(t.idx_tup_read, '999,999,999,999') AS TotalTupleRead
    ,to_char(t.idx_tup_fetch, '999,999,999,999') AS TotalTupleFetched
FROM pg_tables AS pt
LEFT OUTER JOIN pg_class AS pc 
    ON pt.tablename=pc.relname
LEFT OUTER JOIN
( 
    SELECT 
        pc.relname AS TableName
        ,pc2.relname AS IndexName
        ,psai.idx_scan
        ,psai.idx_tup_read
        ,psai.idx_tup_fetch
        ,psai.indexrelname 
    FROM pg_index AS pi
    JOIN pg_class AS pc 
        ON pc.oid = pi.indrelid
    JOIN pg_class AS pc2 
        ON pc2.oid = pi.indexrelid
    JOIN pg_stat_all_indexes AS psai 
        ON pi.indexrelid = psai.indexrelid 
)AS T
    ON pt.tablename = T.TableName
WHERE pt.schemaname='public'
ORDER BY TotalNumberOfScan ASC,IndexSize DESC;

인덱스가 필요한 테이블 찾기

SELECT
  relname                                               AS TableName,
  to_char(seq_scan, '999,999,999,999')                  AS TotalSeqScan,
  to_char(idx_scan, '999,999,999,999')                  AS TotalIndexScan,
  to_char(n_live_tup, '999,999,999,999')                AS TableRows,
  pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size(relname :: regclass)) AS TableSize
FROM pg_stat_all_tables
WHERE schemaname = 'public'
      AND 50 * seq_scan > idx_scan -- more than 2%
      AND n_live_tup > 10000
      AND pg_relation_size(relname :: regclass) > 5000000
ORDER BY relname ASC;
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