# Codility 2. CyclicRotation

annmj·2021년 11월 14일
1

## Codility

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An array A consisting of N integers is given. Rotation of the array means that each element is shifted right by one index, and the last element of the array is moved to the first place. For example, the rotation of array A = [3, 8, 9, 7, 6] is [6, 3, 8, 9, 7] (elements are shifted right by one index and 6 is moved to the first place).

The goal is to rotate array A K times; that is, each element of A will be shifted to the right K times.

Write a function:

class Solution { public int[] solution(int[] A, int K); }

that, given an array A consisting of N integers and an integer K, returns the array A rotated K times.

For example, given

A = [3, 8, 9, 7, 6]
K = 3

the function should return [9, 7, 6, 3, 8]. Three rotations were made:

[3, 8, 9, 7, 6] -> [6, 3, 8, 9, 7]
[6, 3, 8, 9, 7] -> [7, 6, 3, 8, 9]
[7, 6, 3, 8, 9] -> [9, 7, 6, 3, 8]

For another example, given

A = [0, 0, 0]
K = 1

the function should return [0, 0, 0]

Given

A = [1, 2, 3, 4]
K = 4

the function should return [1, 2, 3, 4]

Assume that:

N and K are integers within the range [0..100];
each element of array A is an integer within the range [−1,000..1,000].
In your solution, focus on correctness. The performance of your solution will not be the focus of the assessment.

### 💡 풀이

1. empty array 인 경우 예외처리를 해주어야 한다.
2. [ , ] 는 이상, 이하를 나타내는 기호임을 주의하자.
3. K 번 다 할필요는 없고, A.length 로 나눈 나머지 만큼만 rotate 해주면 된다.

### 📝 소스코드

// you can also use imports, for example:
// import java.util.*;

// you can write to stdout for debugging purposes, e.g.
// System.out.println("this is a debug message");

class Solution {
public int[] solution(int[] A, int K) {
if(K == 0 || A.length == 0 || K % A.length == 0) return A;

int[] sol = A;
for(int i = 1; i <= K % A.length; i++) {
sol = rotate(sol);
}
return sol;
}

public static int[] rotate(int[] a) {
int[] temp = new int[a.length];
temp = a[a.length-1];

for(int i=1; i < a.length; i++) {
temp[i] = a[i-1];
}
return temp;
}
}