ChungHa Brocher_3 : 2021.05.03 Intersection Observer && Typescript

dhsys112·2021년 5월 4일
0

Code

const TotalPictureContainer = styled.div`
  width: 100%;
  height: fit-content;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  padding-top: 10vh;
`;
const Pictures = () => {
  const [pictureNumber, setPictureNumber] = useState(3);
  const observer = useRef(null);
  const { loading, pictures, hasMore } = GetPictureData(pictureNumber);

  // lastPictElementRef 에 해당하는 element가 create되면
  // 아래의 함수를 호출하게 된다
  // pictComponent는 해당 dom node가 들어오게 된다
  const lastPictElementRef = useCallback(
    (pictComponent) => {
      console.log("lastBook Element");
      // observer가 존재한다면 , disconnect -> 왜 ? reconnect할 것이기 때문
      if (observer.current) observer.current.disconnect();
      observer.current = new IntersectionObserver((entries) => {
        // on single element만 watch 한다
        if (entries[0].isIntersecting && hasMore) {
          setPictureNumber((prevNum) => prevNum + 3);
        }
      });
      // if sth is actually our last element ,
      // observer가 해당 요소를 observe 하게 만든다
      if (pictComponent) observer.current.observe(pictComponent);
    },
    [hasMore]
  );

  return (
    <TotalPictureContainer>
      {pictures[0] &&
        pictures.map((picture, idx) => {
          if (pictures.length === idx + 1) {
            return (
              <SinglePicture
                key={picture.idx}
                ref={lastPictElementRef}
                IsOdd={idx % 2 ? false : true}
                Image={picture}
              />
            );
          } else {
            return (
              <SinglePicture
                key={picture.idx}
                IsOdd={idx % 2 ? false : true}
                Image={picture}
              />
            );
          }
        })}
    </TotalPictureContainer>
  );
  // return null
};

export default Pictures;

Error 1

Object is possibly 'null'.

if (observer.current) observer.current.disconnect();

It seems to be related with

const observer = useRef(null);

how do I have to define "useRef" when I am using "Intersection Observer" ?

Trial 1

const observer = useRef<IntersectionObserver>(null);

Following Error

Cannot assign to 'current' because it is a read-only property.
 if (observer.current) observer.current.disconnect();
  > 26 |       observer.current = new IntersectionObserver((entries) => {

Why ?

I have to use a React ref as a mutable instance, so that I can assign 'intersection observer' related code to 'observer.current'

Then how ??

Solution

const observer = useRef<IntersectionObserver | null>(null);

we have to additionally assign 'null' type to 'initial value'
which allow us to make 'observer' variable 'mutable'

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Dream of being "물빵개" ( Go abroad for Dance and Programming)

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