[Leetcode] 111. Minimum Depth of Binary Tree

limelimejiwonยท2022๋…„ 3์›” 23์ผ
0

๐Ÿ“„ Description

Given a binary tree, find its minimum depth.

The minimum depth is the number of nodes along the shortest path from the root node down to the nearest leaf node.

Note: A leaf is a node with no children.

Example 1:

Input: root = [3,9,20,null,null,15,7]
Output: 2

Example 2:

Input: root = [2,null,3,null,4,null,5,null,6]
Output: 5

๐Ÿ”จ My Solution

  • BFS using queue

    ๐Ÿ”ด Variables
    queue: contains the nodes in the same level
    minDepth: minimum depth of the tree
    cur_level: saves the child nodes of the current checking node

๐Ÿ”ต Rules

  • Both while roop will repeat until it reaches leaf node
  • Inner while roop will repeat while queue is not empty, it means it will check the current same level of nodes
  • When the inner while stops, it means there was no leaf node, so count up minDepth, and extend queue with cur_level.

๐Ÿ’ป My Submission

class Solution:
    def minDepth(self, root: Optional[TreeNode]) -> int:
        if root is None:
            return 0
        
        # BFS using queue
        queue=[root]
        minDepth=1
        
        while queue:
            cur_level=[]
            while queue:
                node=queue.pop(0)
                # if the node is a leaf node, return minDepth
                if node.left is None and node.right is None:
                    return minDepth
                else:
                    if node.left: cur_level.append(node.left)
                    if node.right: cur_level.append(node.right)
            minDepth+=1
            queue.extend(cur_level)

๐Ÿ”Ž Complexity

Better BFS Solution

  • save the node and level together in the queue!
  • use deque and popleft()
class Solution:
    def minDepth(self, root: Optional[TreeNode]) -> int:
        if root is None:
            return 0
        
        # BFS using queue
        queue=collections.deque([(root, 1)])
        
        while queue:
        	node,level=queue.popleft()
            if node:
                # if the node is a leaf node, return the level
                if not node.left and not node.right:
                    return level
                else:
                	queue.append((node.left, level+1))
                    queue.append((node.right, level+1))

Other Solution - (1) DFS

def minDepth1(self, root):
    if not root:
        return 0
    if None in [root.left, root.right]:
        return max(self.minDepth(root.left), self.minDepth(root.right)) + 1
    else:
        return min(self.minDepth(root.left), self.minDepth(root.right)) + 1

References
https://leetcode.com/problems/minimum-depth-of-binary-tree/
https://leetcode.com/problems/minimum-depth-of-binary-tree/discuss/36239/Python-BFS-and-DFS-solutions.

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